Technical Glossary: ​​What is Industrial Biotechnology?

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Industrial biotechnology focuses on the use of microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, and animal or plant cells to produce materials and processes for industrial purposes. This technology is used to manufacture pharmaceuticals, food products and other industrial products.

Industrial biotechnology is a branch of science that has experienced great growth in recent years due to its great potential to contribute significantly to technological progress. This regulation allows the integration of biological techniques with industrial processes to produce commercial bioproducts on a large scale.

Thanks to the above, industrial biotechnology has opened new doors for solving environmental problems, improving the quality of life, and creating new ways of obtaining clean and sustainable energy.

In this article we will focus on exploring the various objectives of industrial biotechnology and its practical applications.

The objectives of industrial biotechnology focus on improving production processes, increasing productivity and reducing costs. This is achieved by implementing innovative technologies that enhance our ability to achieve results in less time. This is beneficial to companies as it allows them to meet the needs of their customers and make a profit.

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Main Objectives of Industrial Biotechnology:

  • Improve quality . Industrial biotechnology offers unique solutions to improve manufacturing processes, resulting in higher quality and efficiency.
  • Increase efficiency . Biotechnology helps improve the efficiency of manufacturing processes by allowing greater speed and efficiency. This results in higher production volume at lower cost.
  • Reduction in production time . Industrial biotechnology makes it possible to improve the time needed to complete production processes, which means shorter deadlines and greater competitive advantages.
  • Automation . Technological advances have made it possible to automate many industrial processes, which means lower operating costs and greater efficiency.
  • Environmental improvement . New technologies help reduce the amount of waste generated during industrial processes and thus contribute to the environment.
  • Local economies . Industrial biotechnology promotes local development, creates jobs and contributes to the local economy. This will benefit entire communities by increasing their overall economic progress.

Industrial biotechnology offers a wide range of applications from food production to energy production. These are some of the main applications:

  • Food production . Industrial biotechnology can be used to produce healthy and nutritious foods at lower cost and with higher quality than traditionally processed foods. For example, stem cells or genetically modified bacteria can be used to produce proteins, vegetable oils and other compounds needed for food.
  • Environmental processing . Industrial biotechnology can also be used to treat wastewater and reduce the environmental impact of industrial processes. For example, genetically modified microorganisms can be used to remove contaminants from water such as heavy metals and volatile organic chemicals (VOCs).
  • Energy generation . Genetically modified stem cells can also be used to produce clean fuels such as methanol and biodiesel from organic materials such as agricultural residues or animal waste. These alternative energies are a sustainable option compared to traditional fossil fuels because they do not emit carbon dioxide or other harmful gases into the Earth's atmosphere.
  • Drug manufacturing . By using genetically modified microbes or stem cells, drugs can be produced more quickly and at a lower cost than using traditional chemical processing. This technology enables the creation of more precise drugs based on drugs designed to treat a specific type of disease or a specific medical condition, rather than combating it in general, like many conventional drugs currently available in the modern pharmaceutical market.
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In summary, industrial biotechnology offers various possibilities for modern industrial enterprises to improve their efficiency and reduce their operating costs without compromising the quality of the final product or the surrounding environment.

Industrial biotechnology is an ever-expanding discipline that deals with the use of organisms to produce useful products. These organisms are plants, animals, microbes, animal or plant cells. As we have seen earlier, industrial biotechnology has been used successfully to improve the production of food, pharmaceuticals and other industrial goods. Below are some examples of industrial biotechnology:

  • Genetic modification . The use of techniques such as recombinant DNA and transgenics has made it possible to modify the genomes of plants and animals to improve agricultural and aquaculture production. These techniques have allowed the development of new varieties resistant to diseases and pests that help increase agricultural yields.
  • Bioreactor . Bioreactors are devices used to improve biological processing efficiency by controlling the process environment such as temperature, pH, nutrients, and oxygen. This allows precise control over the conditions required for efficient processing without relying solely on natural environmental factors.
  • Microbial production . Microorganisms are a valuable tool in industrial production because of their ability to transform raw materials into useful products such as pharmaceuticals and fermented foods. There are also microbes that can be used to produce renewable energy through biological processing (for example, the creation of biofuels).
  • Enzyme compounds . Enzyme mixtures are concentrated solutions of enzymes that are mainly used in dairies and breweries to improve the quality of the final product. They are specifically designed to optimize the chemical reactions required during processing and help reduce unnecessary costs associated with excessive or inappropriate use of additional synthetic chemicals or external heaters.
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Likewise, it facilitates instant communication and interaction with people across the globe, breaking geographical barriers. Additionally, smart security systems provide a greater level of home comfort and security. Adopting these technological tools is a step towards improving time and quality of life, while opening the way to new possibilities for discovery and learning.

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