The name is BIM, an abbreviation of English Building Information Modelling, which can be translated in Spanish as Intelligent Building Modeling, refers to specialized software that gives designers the ability to create three-dimensional models on a computer enriched with relevant alphanumeric data. This technology is one of the main innovations in the construction industry, which is commonly used in the world and is expanding among home improvement companies and material suppliers in our country.
Architect Guillermo Vinogar Archicad’s, explained Infobay A wall contains not only information about its three-dimensional structure. „It also – he explained – allows the allocation of materials and finishes. It helps to create cost estimates and budgets automatically. The origin of this innovation comes from the professor and the researcher. Chuck EastmanHe initiated the development of these research systems as a robust and parametric model for the construction industry at the University of California, USA.
Briefly, BIM is a collaborative method for developing and managing construction projects by centralizing all project information in a digital information model created by all involved agencies.
„It represents a comprehensive approach to the design, construction and management of construction projects based on the creation and use of 3D digital models. These models allow a detailed representation of all aspects of a building or infrastructure project, from its geometry to the data and attributes associated with each component,” he explained. Infobay Architect Lucrezia RealA consultant and implementer of BIM methodology.
Additionally, the collaborative process spans the entire life cycle of a project, from the design and construction phase to asset management, including operation and maintenance.
One of the most significant benefits of BIM is the ability to anticipate and solve problems efficiently, allowing for early detection of potential failures, incidents or anomalies in the process and direct communication with experts.
Key features include intelligent 3D models that represent the geometry of elements and establish relationships between them. To put it short and simple, BIM consists of building digitally before physically building.
„It is based on the creation, management and integration of 3-dimensional models, which act as a database that provides us with a construction project from its design to its operation and maintenance. We design the building digitally and extract the tender or construction plans for those buildings, which „Our clients need. But because it’s also a database, you can request endless job-related information, facilitating coordination between different parties involved in a project and improving efficiency throughout the building’s entire life cycle,” he said. Martin LopezCEO of Blend.
BIM is used in architecture and infrastructure projects to improve efficiency and quality at all stages of the project, from design to construction and long-term management.
This software allows 3D construction and assesses how the structure will respond to adverse conditions such as high winds. As a result, in the future, it may contribute to reducing the risk of collapse due to various causes.
Some functions may include:
-Design and Planning: Used to create detailed 3D models of projects.
-Terrain: BIM integrates topographic and geographic data to create accurate surface models, which are essential in infrastructure projects.
Analysis and simulation: They can be used to perform energy, lighting, acoustics and other aspects related to building performance. It helps to optimize the design in terms of energy efficiency and comfort.
Documentation: Used to create construction plans and documents. Changes to the model are automatically reflected in the drawings, reducing the time and effort required to keep documentation up to date.
-Resource Management: Used to manage resources such as materials, machinery, and labor more efficiently, which helps control project costs and schedules.
-Monitoring: During construction, the actual progress can be compared with the planned digital model, which helps in early detection of deviations and problems.
-Asset Management: After construction, BIM can be used for asset management that facilitates long-term maintenance and operation of the building.
Its use presents both positive and negative issues to a lesser extent. Benefits include:
-Improves efficiency in project planning and execution.
– Facilitates collaboration between diverse teams.
– Reduces errors and time during construction.
-Improve project visualization and understanding.
-Allows better control of costs and timelines.
Facilitates maintenance and management of updated information.
Identify and prevent potential conflicts and conflicts between different components of a construction project before they occur on site, helping to reduce construction costs and conflict resolution times.
In turn, there are some disadvantages, including:
-It requires investment in software and, above all, continuous training: over time it has evolved from a technical tool to a methodology. How do you know Specific.
-It refers to digital transformation leading to transformation of workgroups and organizational designs. As with any cultural change, its implementation takes time and effort.
– There may be resistance to change in career.
-It involves multiple actors and departments that intervene in the process of a work. For its effective implementation, adequate coordination and cooperation is essential.
– It does not apply to any type of project.
– Good data management and documentation required.
Experts agree that significant progress has been made in recent years.
According to Real, BIM extends towards management and maintenance, linking each element of the model with important data such as technical specifications, installation dates, maintenance, estimated useful life, replacement costs. It facilitates planning and management of preventive maintenance, as well as recording inventory of materials, spare parts and resources when needed.
In this area, artificial intelligence presents new challenges such as planning and design.
The process begins by defining the objectives and constraints for the design. This includes considerations such as energy efficiency, sustainability, cost, structural performance, aesthetics and other project factors.
Relevant parameters and data such as site information, customer requirements, premises regulations, available materials and so on are entered.
This method allows its use remotely, which means that even if you are traveling in Germany, the right person can communicate with the construction managers and give them instructions on how to act in the event of an accident during the execution of the building. .
„It can be implemented remotely, which is one of its advantages. Logically, part of the team should always be at the site where construction is being carried out, but teams can often be formed remotely,” said Lopez.
This technology allows creating three-dimensional models of the final building from simple elements such as walls, doors, windows, slabs, etc. It has the ability to model organic shapes, which is currently being used in sophisticated projects.
When it comes to the cost of implementing it in home construction, it does not differ significantly from the cost associated with CAD technologies. License purchase is estimated at USD 2,350 plus VAT and requires a standard computer with adequate graphics capabilities. Since working with BIM implies a different approach than working in 2 dimensions, it is important to take into account the initial cost of adaptation.