Israel’s Iron Dome: What is the technology of this aerial system?

Beams of light are seen from Ashkelon, Israel, as Israel’s Iron Dome interceptor rockets are fired into Israel from the Gaza Strip. (REUTERS/Amir Cohen)

One of the most significant and effective developments in the field of security technology Iron Dome of Israel (Iron Dome), a Missile Defense System It plays a vital role in protecting the nation from threats such as rockets and short-range missiles.

It has a range of approx 70 km and is based on a system Radar, a combat analysis and control unit to determine whether an incoming rocket is a threat; When intercepted Tamir missiles An incoming rocket should only be fired if it hits a populated area or critical infrastructure.

Interceptor missiles, fired vertically from mobile units or a fixed launch pad, are designed to detonate an airborne threat.

Developed by a company also known as Iron Dome RAFAEL ADVANCED DEFENSE SYSTEMS LTDA private company with close ties to the Israeli armed forces says it is the most widely deployed anti-missile system in the world, and that it is useful in many other areas. 90% of cases.

The Iron Dome launcher fires an interceptor missile against rockets fired from Gaza.

Behind its success lies advanced technology incorporating radar, interceptor missiles and sophisticated command and control systems. It is based on several key elements:

– Advanced Radar: The system uses an advanced detection and tracking radar to track the trajectory of incoming projectiles. These radars are essential for identifying threats and accurately calculating their trajectories.

– Interception Units: Iron Dome is equipped with a series of mobile launcher batteries containing interceptor missiles. These missiles are designed to target and destroy aerial threats.

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– Control and Command Systems: The command and control system coordinates interception detection, tracking and initiation functions. This allows for a quick and accurate response to threats.

– Decision making software: Iron Dome uses advanced software that makes real-time decisions about when and where to launch interceptor missiles. These decision-making systems are based on complex algorithms that evaluate several factors such as the path of the threat, the distance to the target, and the probability of impact.

– Interceptor Missiles: The system uses interceptor missiles designed to destroy short-range threats. These missiles are fast and maneuverable, allowing them to accurately target and neutralize incoming projectiles.

– Communication Systems and Networks: Effective communication is essential in the operation of Iron Dome. Communication and networking systems allow real-time data exchange between detection units, initiators and the control center.

– Continuous updates: The technology behind Iron Dome is constantly evolving and improving. Israel is working on improved versions and system updates to deal with increasingly sophisticated threats.

An Israeli anti-missile system called Iron Dome has intercepted a missile fired into the air by a steroid (Reuters) from Gaza.

This security system works in the following ways:

– Detection and Monitoring: As a rocket heads toward Israel, the detection and tracking radar detects its incoming trajectory. This information is sent to the arms control system.

– Accurate calculations: The weapon control system performs rapid and complex calculations to determine the trajectory, speed, and intended target of an incoming rocket.

Threat identification: Radar technology is capable of distinguishing between missiles capable of reaching urban areas or strategic locations and those that pose no real threat.

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Automatic interception: If an incoming rocket hits a populated area or strategic target, the system’s missile will automatically fire a Tamir missile.

Neutralization in Air: Interceptors are launched vertically from mobile or fixed units and directed towards the incoming rocket. In the air, interceptors detonate and destroy the rocket, thus neutralizing the threat before it reaches its target.

Hamas fired more than 3,000 rockets in the first hour of the attack on October 7.

Iron Dome has its roots in the conflict between Israel and Hezbollah 2006. During that conflict, the Lebanese Islamist group fired thousands of rockets, killing dozens of Israelis and causing significant damage.

In 2007The Israeli Ministry of Defense announced the Dom development, with initial funding 210 million dollars. The United States was a major economic contributor to its creation and set aside some 1.6 billion dollars Between 2011 and 2021.

In the early 2010s, the Iron Dome system had already successfully passed tests conducted by the Israeli military. In April 2011, the system was tested in combat for the first time, when it shot down a missile launched against the city. BeershebaIn southern Israel.

Despite its high efficiency, it involves high cost and since 2014, the country has been trying to find a replacement for the Iron Dome. The result was Iron beamA revolutionary laser beam with a power of approx 100 y 150 kWA hundred times that used in a family home.

This weapon directed energyWith a range of up to 7 kilometers, it is capable of destroying drones, missiles and mortars in seconds. Four seconds Thanks to the high temperatures it is exposed to.

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