EY says 35% of jobs are at risk from artificial intelligence

The job market

The sectors most affected by these technologies are finance, insurance and professional services

Benjamin Santamaria

  • Benjamin Santamaria
  • Economist, Researcher, Lecturer and Master of Education. Economics editor at OKDIARIO and editor of „The Economy through time” at IJM

says Ernst and Young (EY). Report He said 35% workers „Exposed” to „alternative risk” due to development Artificial intelligence Generative Technology (GenAI). The consulting firm also promises that 25% of employees have occupations that are „potentially complementary to the widespread use of advanced language models,” meaning that they will adapt and use this type of technology in their work environment.

A report titled Macro Insightscarried out by EY Intelligence Y EsadeEcpol And that „Spain's economy is focused on the business sector” and „focuses on artificial intelligence that creates”. The document concludes that „between 60 and 66%” of workers in advanced economies will be significantly affected by GenAI standardization.

EY and Artificial Intelligence

Los Departments The most affected by these technologies are finance and insurance, professional services, Accountants and auditors, administrative assistants, teachersSociologists and political scientists, lawyers etc Lawyers, Psychologists o Human Resources.

Among the 25% of jobs that will be filled with artificial intelligence, EY highlights managers and experts. On the other hand, among 35% Hazardous jobs The document reveals what needs to be changed and is related to support for it AdministrationLos ServicesMedium technical experts and the Sales department Very suitable.

EY Ernst & Young logo
EY Building (Ernst & Young).

High-paying jobs are more exposed to implementing innovation ICT toolsBut they are also located in very complementary places, meaning they have an easier time adapting to new trends.

As for the specific tasks that are most exposed to GenAI, there are ProgrammingThe to write or quantitative analysis. The least exposed are related Scientific criteriacritical analysis, decision makingAttention and learning.

However, it said its analysis only reflects „where the impact is” and „not its type or extent Productivity Quality within organizations and production processes.

GenAI can, according to several tests carried out by the consultancy, understand these variables in more detail To improve productivity „12% to 37%, as well as quality +14% to +40%”, especially in „fields such as human resources, law or management and training” .

The report highlights that co-workers More experience And skills are less likely to benefit from artificial intelligence. In contrast, „those who start from the lower level see their abilities increase further, both linguistically and analytically.”

Application of AI in Enterprises

The document also warns that there are cases of using artificial intelligence in companies Can be counterproductive: «Tasks of apparently similar difficulty to a human represent very different difficulties to GenAI. These models, for now, contribute little to what is relevant Arithmetic calculations or quantitative estimates and correct or incorrect conclusion.

Additionally, EY believes that artificial intelligence „represents an investment opportunity for business growth.” “Less than 10% Spanish companies „They're using some form of AI, with 10 or more employees, making a big impact in fields like information and communications,” he explains.

The consultant assumes that “there is a Considerable potential in support or administrative services sectors”, because they are not yet using this technology to their full potential.

To implement this technology in organizations, researchers should „focus on workers with poor indicators or less previous experience, using more advanced general models adapted to current processes, designing and proposing processes that facilitate learning for workers. Flexible and adaptable models».

The document also contains other forecasts such as economic growth. For researchers, the Gross domestic product Spanish (GDP) will increase by 0.8% in the first quarter of this year, „with a positive outlook for the second quarter, where annual growth will be around 2.3%.”

The stimulus of the economy continues due to various factors. These include strong performance Sales On the part of large companies, the recovery seen in the service sector and the increase in the number of labor unions. These combined elements contributed Economic incentive experienced in recent times.

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