Mobile communication operators with their own networks -Claro, Movistar and Privada- Frequencies were allocated to provide services with 5G technology According to a survey conducted by Télam, they expect the development of business models for residential users and enterprises.
Between the given deadlines The tender documents stipulate that each of the three operators has a minimum obligation to establish a base station in the autonomous city of Buenos Aires, in the provincial capitals and in the cities of Mar del Plata, within a period not exceeding twelve months. , Bahía Blanca and Rosario.
Based on market forecasts, the deployment of 5G will be slightly slower than the time it took to introduce 4G due to factors such as investment capacity and the state of fiber optic networks.
There is agreement among experts The „big difference” between the 4G tender carried out in 2014 and the 5G tender carried out last week is that in the first case companies faced saturation of 3G networks and led to a ranking of user complaints.
Although the intensive use of videos has raised some alarms for 4G networks towards the end of next year, this time they are supporting the deployment and development of services of a different technology.
Before installing a 5G radio base, in any network, This new technology needs its core or heart to be relevant.
In 2021 and 2022, companies started working on this technology.
Companies maintain it even in the most advanced locations At least 14 to 16 months of investment and work is required to provide 5G service to the residential sector.
At the local level, Sonia Agnese is an analyst for Latin America at the consultancy Omnia„Brazil is the only country in Latin America that has a 5G SA core (stand-alone) because it is an obligation of the tender”, while Argentina has a „4G core adaptation” for 5G.
Technically speaking, the core of the network could be a 5G NSA – an acronym for Standalone that runs on the same network core as the 4G infrastructure; And 5G SA, also known as Stand Alone, requires both the core and the radio part to be updated to the new specification.
5G NSA offers download speeds of over 1 Gbps and latencies of 10 to 30 milliseconds, while 5G SA networks promise speeds of 20 Gbps, latencies around milliseconds, and high capacity per square kilometer.
Difference between 4G and 5G
Unlike 4G, 5G -Due to the height of the band it is used in (3.5 gigaters)- Covering a similar surface area requires a larger number of radio sites.
This does not mean that large towers need to be installed every two blocks to get 5G coverage, as radio sites are small and can be placed on poles or terraces without creating visual pollution.
„It’s easy for operators to focus on mass”Although there are currently no 5G-ready devices (smartphones) or development of mass-use applications in the market, Agnes pointed to Delam
And, he pointed out „A lack of applications like augmented reality is coming” for residential use.For example, education allows students to visit a remote museum with virtual reality visitors or to operate in virtual universes (metaverses).
Agnese emphasized that these types of applications are „still in their early stages”, usually with good fiber optic connections and only in some Asian countries where they are used with 5G.
However, he insisted „When there’s coverage, people will want 5G because they’ll notice an improvement in quality.”
„5G wireless is the first technology for adoption” in the U.S., Agnes said; Among other reasons, it is a service with no installation costs (because it is reduced to installing a router at home) and „without permanent obligations.”
This alternative (estimated at about $300) may not be economical for people due to the current cost of routers, but „it is an interesting alternative for an organization as a second line of connectivity in a branch,” the expert opined.
He explained that „In business plans, companies – customers – contract connections from telcos, but when they set up their own networks they can hire coordinators, and other actors come into play.”
He considered it that way The Wifi 6 system — another technology the government has implemented using radio spectrum — „is complementary to 5G.”
Wifi 6 is specifically promoted by non-traditional telecom operators such as Google, Meta, Cisco, Intel, and Microsoft.
„Deployment of 5G will take longer than 4G, but it will be used where it is”The researcher said.
This week the National Communications Company auctioned radio spectrum frequencies in the 35 GHz band for 5G services, and 100 MHz was awarded to Claro, another 100 MHz to Personal (Telecom) and 50 MHz to Telefónica (Movistar).