Amazing views of Mars’ Labyrinth of Night and Grand Canyon shared by ESA

tuesdayThe iconic red planet in our solar system has a remarkable feature known as the Nocturnal Labyrinth, an astonishing canyon 4,000 kilometers long, roughly the size of Italy.
Recently, the European Space Agency (ESAMars Express has released a collection of breathtaking images captured by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC). These mesmerizing scenes were meticulously assembled from images taken during eight different orbits around Mars.

ESA has shared this remarkable video, showing the gigantic structures on Mars, some of which span 1,190 kilometers, as wide as Italy.
To create this video, footage from eight different orbits was seamlessly stitched together, culminating in a stunning mosaic image captured by the Mars Express High-Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC).

Mars has long recognized an equivalent to Earth’s Grand Canyon, aptly named the „Martian Valle Marineris.” Located in the Tharsis region, this valley is close to the tallest volcano in our solar system. Within this region we also find the enigmatic Noctis Labyrinth of Night.

A video released by the ESA provides a top-down view of the Martian landscape, with a particular focus on what they describe as „individual 'graphene’—regions of the crust in contact with their surroundings.”

Graphene, according to the ESA’s definitions, is formed when a block of the planet’s upper layer collapses along faults created by the kinetic forces of the planet’s crust.

The formation of these unusual areas is attributed to intense volcanism in the nearby Tharsis region. This volcanic activity leads to the formation of these unique geological features. The ESA explains that due to volcanism, large areas of the Martian crust collided and bent upwards. However, as these structures expand, the extended areas become unsustainable for mountain-like structures, leading to conflicts.

These valleys are located on the high plateaus of the planet’s surface. Due to volcanic activity, the surface has undergone significant changes, according to calculations by ESA, these valleys are estimated to be about 30 kilometers wide and six meters deep.

The Mars Express mission, as described by ESA, has been orbiting the Red Planet for more than 20 years since 2003. Its primary mission objectives include detailed mapping of the planet’s surface, studying its atmosphere, and investigating interactions between the Martian environment. These geological wonders.

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